CRBA, US Passport and Dual Citizenship
CRBA for Child Born Abroad to US Citizen Parent(s)
CRBA specifically stands for Consular Report of Birth Abroad. A CRBA is the child’s documentation of meeting the requirements acquiring U.S. citizenship at birth.
According to the U.S. Department of State (DOS) website (US Citizenship for Children Born Overseas), “A child born abroad to a U.S. citizen parent or parents may acquire U.S. citizenship at birth if certain statutory requirements are met.”
To explain how a child born overseas acquires U.S, citizenship at birth, see the DOS website, Acquisition of US Citizenship by Child Born Abroad.
To return to the subject, according to the DOS CRBA website, “CRBA is proof of U.S. citizenship and may be used to obtain a U.S. passport and register for school, among other purposes“.
In addition, it is possible to apply for a U.S. passport for the child at the same time as applying for a CRBA.
The DOS also recommends, “Parents of a child born abroad to a U.S. citizen or citizens should apply for a CRBA and/or a U.S. passport for the child as soon as possible.” For this purpose, there are less problems when using the rights and benefits of U.S. citizenship, including entry into the United States.
All U.S. citizens, including dual citizens, must use a U.S. passport to enter and leave the United States.
How to Obtain a CRBA
The CRBA is specifically done at a U.S. Embassy or consulate. Therefore, get the CRBA from your nearest U.S. Embassy or consulate. Following the following steps to get a CRBA for the child.
For example, see the Checklist for a Consular Report of Birth Abroad (CRBA) from the U.S. Embassy in Manila, Philippines. If you are in another country, get the information specifically for that country.
Gather Document Evidence
Firstly, obtain a birth certificate for the child from the medical facility, municipality or other government agency in which the child was born. For the Philippines, make sure it comes from NSO or PSA.
Secondly, gather information related to the US Citizen parent including proof of citizenship, marriage (if applicable), previous documentation confirming physically being in the United States, and blood relationship documentation.
Proof of US Citizenship includes the parent’s birth certificate, U.S. passport, CRBA, or Certificate of Citizenship.
Marriage documentation includes a marriage certificate. Also, divorce documentation, annulment, or death certificate is also acceptable.
There are many documents that prove being physically in the US including, but not limited to passport stamps, high school or college diploma, state driver’s license, income tax transcripts or forms, W2s, military service (DD-214), or more.
For blood relationship documentation, a DNA test is typically not a requirement unless the embassy has significant doubt of the blood relationship. For this purpose, blood relationship documentation typically includes the following:
- Prenatal records and/or other evidence of mother’s pregnancy.
- Evidence of the couple’s physical presence in the same location at the time of conception
- Evidence of the couple’s relationship prior to the conception of the applicant.
Prepare the Application
For this purpose, complete an Application for Consular Report of Birth Abroad of a Citizen of the United States (Form DS-2029). Do not sign the form until the embassy directs you to do so.
Contact and Go to US Embassy
Firstly, contact the U.S. Embassy or consulate near you to inform them of the child’s birth. Also, find out if you have to make an appointment or if the consulate accepts walk-ins.
In addition, check with the U.S. Embassy or consulates web site to determine anything else to o not to bring to te embassy.
On the other hand, some consulates make rounds within the country for CRBA services. For this purpose, find out when they are near your area.
Then, bring the DS-2029 and your evidence to the U.S. Embassy or consulate.
Once the consular officer approves the application, the Consular Report of Birth Abroad (Form FS-240) is issued.
The U.S. embassy or consulate provides one original copy of an eligible child’s CRBA of a U.S. citizen. However, you may replace, amend or request multiple copies of a CRBA at any time.
The child’s parents may choose to apply for a U.S. passport for the child at the same time that they apply for a CRBA.
Apply for US Passport for US Citizen Child Born Abroad
See the DOS website for Applying for US Passport Outside the US for information.
Firstly, fill out and complete the Application for U.S. Passport (From DS-11). Complete the form electronically and print it out. However, a form by hand may be alright on a case-by-case basis. Also, do not sign the form yet.
The fee for a child’s U.S. passport under 16 is $105. However, for those
16 and over, the fee is $135.
Children Under 16
For children under the age of 16, it is a requirement for both parents or legal guardians to come in person. However, if this is not possible, bring one of the following:
- If only one parent/guardian is present for the interview: The absent parent or guardian must sign a “Statement of
Consent” (DS-3053) authorizing the issuance of a U.S. passport for children under the age of 16. The absent parent
must sign the DS-3053 and get it notarized by a U.S. commissioned notary or at a U.S. Embassy or Consulate overseas.
The absent parent must also provide a photocopy of the front and back side of the photo I.D. that was used during
notarization. The document is only valid for 90 days after the date of signature.
- If one parent/guardian has sole custody: Present original primary evidence of sole authority to apply for the child’s
passport, e.g., court order, death certificate, etc.
- If both parents/guardians are absent: Original written statement signed by each absent parent/guardian and
notarized, specifically authorizing a representative to apply for a passport on behalf of a child. The statement must
include: minor’s full name and date of birth; affiant’s relationship to child (e.g., mother, father, etc.); affiant’s street
address, telephone number and email address; and a specific statement that the affiant gives consent to the issuance
of a passport to the named minor child.
Complete “Statement of Exigent/Special Family Circumstances” (DS-5525), for children under the age of 16 if the written consent of the non-applying parent or guardian or sole custody cannot be obtained. For this purpose, the statement must explain in detail the non-applying parent’s or guardian’s unavailability. In addition, it must state the recent efforts made to contact the non-applying parent. Also, provide evidence to document your claim of exigent or special circumstances.
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Dual Citizenship For Children Born to US Citizen and Foreign National
Children born abroad to a US citizen and a foreign national may also be eligible for dual citizenship.
Hence, they may be able two have passports from both countries.
Follow the rules of the country in which the child was born to obtain a passport for that country.
For example, in the Philippines, go to the DFA office and apply for a Philippine passport.
Go to the Philippine website for passport information for more details.
When traveling to the United States, use the child’s US passport at U.S. Immigration and Customs.