K1 Adjustment of Status Processing Time Introduction
Green Card Processing Time
After marrying and applying the I-485, Application to Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status (AOS), many K-1 Fiance Visa holder want to know the K1 Adjustment of Status processing time. In other words, they want to know the I-485 processing time 2020.
With regards to K-1 Adjustment of Status, it is the process where a K-1 fiance visa holder applies to become a lawful permanent resident. To put it another way, it is the process to become a green card holder. For more information on how to apply for an I-485, Application to Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status, see our K1 Adjustment of Status Checklist USCIS Form I-485.
Recently, you sent in your I-485. Now, you want to know your K1 Adjustment of Status Processing Time. In fact, you want the latest statistics on the I-485 processing time 2020.
As a result of reading this post, you gain the knowledge to find your I-485 processing time 2020 on your own. As a result, you have the resources to accurately estimate when you get your green card.
EAD/AP Combo Card Processing Time
In addition, you probably sent your I-765, Application for Employment Authorization at the same time as your I-485. Likewise, you probably sent in your I-131, Application for Travel Document at the same time too. As a result of these two applications, USCIS issues an EAD/AP combo card.
For the purpose of determining this processing time, see our K1 EAD/AP Combo Card Processing Time blog post.
Where Does My Adjustment of Status Processing Take Place?
In order to help you understand your K1 Adjustment of Status Processing Time, it is best to explain the K-1 adjustment of status process.
Furthermore, it is beneficial to explain the places where this process takes place.
Filing AOS Application
As we state in our checklist, you mail the I-485 to the USCIS Chicago lockbox. Subsequently, the lockbox scans your I-485 application, processes your payment and sends the application to the National Benefits Center (NBC). As a result, NBC does further processing of the I-485 before it is sent to your local USCIS field office.
If your AOS package has been properly filed, USCIS respond by mailing you a notice letter that confirms receipt of your application. The receipt letter is formally known as Form I-797C, Notice of Action. Usually, the notice usually arrives between 2-4 weeks after filing.
NBC does preliminary reviews of applications that require an interview at a USCIS Field Office. Because, all K-1 adjustment of status applications require an interview at a local USCIS field office, NBC does this preliminary review on all I-485 applications. See our previous blog post, New USCIS Adjustment of Status Interview Policy.
In the Form I-485 process, applicants provide all initial evidence, before USCIS schedules the interview. If evidence is missing, the NBC will issue a Request for Evidence (RFE). An RFE places a hold on the I-485 application. In addition, an RFE puts a hold on the associated applications filed with the I-485 application. For example these can include Forms I-765 and I-131 for a K1 applicant. As a result, this hold is effective until NBC receives the missing initial evidence.
Next, NBC sets your biometrics appointment with your local USCIS field office. Accordingly, you receive an email with the appointment date, location and what to bring.
Usually, the appointment is relatively soon after filing the AOS application. For the most part, the biometrics appointment is within 5 to 8 weeks after your filing date.
In fact, the biometrics appointment is very fast. Indeed, many people drive a longer to the appointment than the appointment takes.
The biometrics appointment includes:
- Checking you ID and appointment letter
- Photo taking
In fact, USCIS requires fingerprint taking for all applicants. For the purpose of conducting a security clearance and criminal background check, your fingerprints are taken.
Typically, it is best to show up for appointment on the date and time that USCIS schedules. However, it is possible to reschedule your USCIS biometrics appointment, if necessary.
K1 Adjustment of Status Interview
Next, it is a requirement to attend an interview. In addition, USCIS may ask your spouse to also attend.
The interview notice comes in the mail via a Form I-797, Notice of Action. The adjustment of status interview takes place at your nearest USCIS field office.
In order to prepare for your interview, follow our post, USCIS Adjustment of Status Interview Preparation Checklist.
In fact, the interview notice includes a list of what items to bring to the interview. Nevertheless, there are several items that you should prepare to take to the interview:
- Your passport, which is your ID and contains the K-1 non-immigrant visa.
- Advance Parole document and/or Employment Authorization Card (if you have one).
- Any updates on information you already sent. For example, a new tax year has went by and you have a new tax transcript. Therefore, provide an update on the I-864 and tax return transcript.
- Proof of bonafide marriage items we list in our checklist above. To tell the truth, it is not a requirement to have all these items. However, bring as many as you are able.
- Originals of any documents that sent to USCIS with your application, such as your I-864, birth and marriage certificates.
- A complete copy of your immigrant petition and adjustment of status application is not a requirement. However, they may come in handy.
Receiving You Green Card
If you pass your interview, USCIS mails your green card to you. If they deny your application, USCIS mails a notice explaining the reasons for the adjustment of status denial.
In fact, it takes approximately 3-6 weeks to receive the green card after approval. In order to track your green card production and delivery status, see our post, Track Green Card Status.
Once you have your green card in hand, you no longer need the EAD/AP combo card. In fact, you are now a U.S. lawful permanent resident. In other words, you are a green card holder.
As a permanent resident with a green card, you have the right to re-enter the United States from traveling abroad. In addition, the green card provides proof of your authorization to work in the United States.
If you receive a two year conditional green card, it is a requirement to apply to remove conditions within three months before the card expires. For this purpose, you are applying for a ten year green card. In order to apply to remove conditions, you submit an I-751, Petition to Remove Conditions on Residence.
For more information on Removal of Conditions, see our blog post, Removal of Conditions Checklist USCIS Form I-751.
How to Determine My K1 Adjustment of Status Processing Time
To return to the subject of your K1 Adjustment of Status processing time, lets get right to the point. Likewise, this method gives you the most up to date I-485 processing time 2020.
Determine Your Local USCIS Service Center
Firstly, determine which USCIS field office will handle your case after NBC finishes its review. In other words, this is the USCIS field Office where your Adjustment of Status interview takes place. In order to find your local USCIS field office, go to the USCIS Field Office Locator webpage.
Then, enter your zip code to locate the USCIS field office that covers your area. For this purpose, it is much better to search by zip code than state. If you search by state, there can be several service centers that serve portions of larger states. However, if you search by zip code, you receive information on the exact USCIS service center that covers your zip code.
For example, if I enter the zip code 98002 for Auburn, Washington, it returns the USCIS field office in Seattle, Washington as the local USCIS service center assignment.
On the other hand, if I only put the State of Washington in the state search, it would provide me with several potential results. However, only one is the right one. In order to find the right one, expand the Service Area tab. Then, find your zip code.
Therefore, it is always easier to initially search by zip code rather than state.
Determine My K1 Adjustment of Status Processing Time
Lastly, determine your K1 Adjustment of Status processing time. In fact, this is an estimate of your K-1 Adjustment of Status processing time because USCIS provides a only range in months.
For this purpose, go to the USCIS Check Case Processing Times webpage. Then, select “I-485 Application to Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status” from the first drop down menu. Next, select your local USCIS service center from the second drop down menu.
For this example, we select the Seattle, Washington local USCIS service center. As a result, the website provides the I-485 processing time estimate for your specific service center.
As you see in this case, the I-485 processing time estimate is 16.5 to 18.5 months. To explain, this includes the time from the date USCIS receives your I-485 application. In other words, the time frame includes the time at the lockbox, NBC and your local USCIS service center. Find your K-1 Adjustment of Status processing time for your specific USCIS service center.
USCIS bases it’s I-485 processing time estimate range on data it captures approximately two months prior to updating the page. Therefore, it is the best I-485 processing time 2020 available.
In addition, USCIS provides a receipt date for a case inquiry for cases outside the normal processing time. For this, make sure to look under Family Based Adjustment Applications. Therefore, if your NOA1 date is before the date listed, you may submit a case inquiry. In order to submit a case inquiry, go to the USCIS e-request webpage.